Stories From the Archives

















Image 1: College Hall as it would have looked in 1909 when Emmie Russell was at PLC Sydney. 

Image 2: Portrait of Emmie Russell, c1910 by M. Ashby & Co. Art Gallery of New South Wales.


Sources: PLC Sydney Archives, Australian Dictionary of Biography, Australian Orthoptic Journal, 1990.

Emmie Russell – Pioneer Orthoptist


Orthoptics is a branch of eye health care that helps patients care for conditions such as squint, double vision, lazy eye, cataracts, glaucoma, diabetic eye disease, macular degeneration and the like. An ex-student from PLC Sydney played a pivotal role in establishing the profession.

Emmie Russell was 16 years old when she enrolled at PLC Sydney in 1909. She was a day girl from Stanmore, where she had attended the Misses Harriott’s school. 

She was only with us for one year and records reveal little about her time here. However, issues of the Aurora Australis from that year record that, in addition to normal classroom studies, a group of 26 students went to the Palace Theatre to see Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice.

A few months later a group of PLC Sydney students went to the Town Hall to hear the famous Australian operatic soprano (Dame) Nellie Melba perform.

The Principal, Dr Marden, led Empire Day celebrations on 24 May: after singing a number of patriotic songs he gave an address to the students about Florence Nightingale. The day concluded with a fancy dress dance in the evening.

Not unusual for the time, Emmie, being the only daughter, assumed 'home duties' after leaving PLC Sydney and did not start her own career until the early 1930s. She was drawn to orthoptics because of a family friend who was an ophthalmologist. She did her training at the Alfred Hospital in Melbourne in 1932 and established her own practice in Macquarie Street the following year. Shortly after that, she started the Orthoptic Clinic at the Royal Alexandra Hospital for Children. During World War II she was one of a number of orthoptists who volunteered to train RAAF pilots in stereoscopic vision to increase their flying performance.

Emmie Russell was dedicated to her career and worked to establish the developing profession in Australia. She founded the NSW Orthoptic Association and, in 1944, co-founded the Orthoptic Association of Australia. For many years she served as president, councillor, life member and ultimately patron of the Association. In 1957 she established the Emmie Russell Prize (which continues today) to encourage young members to undertake research in orthoptics.

Her other lifelong interest was art. Her uncle was John Peter Russell, an Australian Impressionist painter, and her cousin was another artist, Thea Proctor. Consequently, she acquired a number of paintings, many of which she donated to the Art Gallery of New South Wales and the National Gallery of Australia. Emmie Russell died, aged 95, in 1987.


archives-icon Find out more about PLC Sydney's history on our Archives microsite.

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